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Cairo to Jerusalem, Damascus, Medina, and you can Mecca: 1326

Cairo to Jerusalem, Damascus, Medina, and you can Mecca: 1326

”Out of Gaza We visited the city from Abraham [Hebron], the brand new mosque at which try regarding female, but reasonable, construction, imposing and you can loft, and you can centered out-of squared stones. . . They claim one to Solomon demanded the jinn to build they. ”(Gibb, p. 55.)

Inside chapter, you will see a lot on the Islam! Before you read about Ibn Battuta’s excursion, you might need particular records regarding the crucial prophets he will tell in the. Have you heard about Adam and eve and their sons Cain and you may Abel? Have you any idea concerning Prophet Muhammad? Such while others is produced within part.

Ibn Battuta remaining Cairo and you will headed to Damascus, Syria across the Royal Road. The brand new Mamluk authorities structured caravans to create pilgrims and you will merchants along so it trail. This new Mamluks checked out passports, taxed the fresh merchants, and you will strictly monitored who had been planning and you will out of their area.

It area of the Mamluk Empire was actually within the strong battles that have Mongol Intruders. From 1260 on early 1300s, the newest Mamluk warriors managed to push brand new Mongol armies aside out-of Damascus and you will northern Syria, and leftover her or him from providing Egypt and you may Palestine. The fresh Mongols had absorbed Baghdad and much of Abbasid Empire from the 1258 capturing and you may damaging places as they went.

The fresh new Mamluk armies protected the newest kingdom and you will left open the newest change routes while the pilgrimage paths. Collectively you to area of the route soldiers on the horseback pulled carpet or mats so you can effortless the newest mud every night. The following day the brand new troops sought out anyone who got left tracks regarding mud, pursued him or her and you can penalized her or him severely.

Damascus is instance a second investment towards Mamluk, an effective urban area one to Ibn Battuta merely was required to find! Regarding Damascus he might affect an effective Hajj caravan and you can complete his stop by at Mecca safely. However, there had been almost every other holy websites to see about this region out-of their trip: Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and more! And you may a blast of pilgrims came to this type of metropolises underneath the safety of one’s Mamluk Sultan.

It is a chart of the Mamluk Kingdom while the Mongol Khanates in the seasons 1294. For folks who evaluate which with the map off Ibn Battuta’s trips, you’ll see you to by the time Ibn Battuta embarked towards the their travels inside the 1325, the latest Mamluks got shed territory into the Mongols. Notice the new moved on edging in the area of modern-date Iraq.

Hebron is an excellent holy webpages to own Muslims, Christians, and you may Jews because it is the new burial place of one’s ”fathers” otherwise ”patriarchs” from monotheism (faith in one Goodness): Abraham, Isaac, and you may Jacob. Near Hebron are also holy internet sites, such as the burial place off Parcel.

They do say that Muhammad themselves went to that it holy webpages (and additionally Bethlehem) in order to hope on their Evening Travel, putting some sites a whole lot more holy and you may well worth pilgrimage.

Do you realize regarding the Abraham?

”Out-of Gaza We visited the metropolis of Abraham [Hebron], brand new mosque from which is from elegant, but large, framework, imposing and you will attic, and built out of squared rocks. . . It is said one Solomon commanded the fresh jinn to build it. ” [Gibb, p. 55.]

On it is the sacred cavern containing brand new graves from Abraham, Isaac, and you may Jacob, opposite which are about three graves, that are that from their wives

He then found its way to Jerusalem that was a really small town at the time, that have a populace away from only about 10,one hundred thousand. ”The defensive wall space were within the spoils, element of their water-supply must be introduced. therefore are found on not one of one’s important exchange routes. ” [Dunn, p. 56.] Yet ,, for its essential shrines and you can sanctuaries, it actually was a fundamental element of Ibn Battuta’s pilgrimage: ”Goodness ennoble [Jerusalem] – 3rd in the perfection following a couple of sacred Mosques [off Mecca and you will Medina] additionally the host to ascension of one’s Apostle from Jesus [Muhammed] – God bless your and provide him peace – whence he was involved into the eden.”[Gibb, p. 77.] Here the guy went along to new Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of your Material. The brand new silver-domed Al-Aqsa Mosque is actually made in 691 all over regarding Dome from the fresh new Stone.

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